History of Aigina

From a Mythological point of view

According to mythology, the island of Aigina was named after the Nymph Aigina. She was the daughter of Asopos River and Metopi. Aigina was among the numerous common women that Zeus made hostage because of their beauty.

History of Aigina

Zeus brought Aigina on the island that was named Oinoni, Oinona or Oinopia, at the time, according to various historical sources (Herodotus, Pindarus, Stravonas). Zeus and Aigina had a son, Aiakos was his name but his fate was to live alone on the island, due to the obsession of Hera for revenge. Therefore, Aiakos asked his father to help him by transforming the ants on the island to human beings; the Myrmidons. These were the first people who inhabited Aigina.

Many researchers agree that this mythological tradition as well as the myth of Aiakidon, which was related to the epics of Homer, were invented in order to justify the origin of the population of Aigina, as well as to reflect the memories of the occupation by the Greek tribes and the conquest of Aigina by Myrmidons, originating from Thessaly. Furthermore, Asopos River and the city of Aiginion are located in Thessaly.

Aiakos was the first king of Aigina, he had three sons. Pileas and Telamonas from Endiida and Fokos from Niriida Psamathi. Fokos was transformed into a seal in order to avoid his father’s love. The two older brothers however, were jealous of their father’s love for their younger brother and killed him during a Disc Throw game. Aiakos furious with the deeds of his sons and the loss of the third, forced them to abandon Aigina. Telamonas went to Salamine and Pileas followed the Myrmidons to Fthia in Thessaly.

Read more on important persons of Aigina:Aiakos, the first King and Conqueror of Aigina
Read on Aigina Sightseeing: The Temple of Afaia on Aigina